Health Care Systems - Scholarly articles for systems in health


What are the systems in health?

The human body has many systems that work together to
maintain overall health and well-being. Some of the major body systems are:

  1. Cardiovascular
    system: This system includes the heart and blood vessels, which work
    together to circulate blood throughout the body and deliver oxygen and
    nutrients to the cells.

  2. Respiratory
    system: This system includes the lungs and airways, which are responsible
    for bringing oxygen into the body and removing carbon dioxide.

  3. Digestive
    system: This system includes the organs involved in digestion, such as the
    mouth, stomach, intestines, and liver. Its main function is to break down
    food and absorb nutrients.

  4. Nervous
    system: This system includes the brain, spinal cord, and nerves, which
    control and coordinate all the body's functions and responses.

  5. Endocrine
    system: This system includes the glands that produce hormones, such as the
    thyroid gland, adrenal glands, and pituitary gland. Hormones regulate many
    bodily functions, including growth, metabolism, and reproduction.

  6. Musculoskeletal
    system: This system includes the muscles, bones, and joints, which provide
    support and movement for the body.

  7. Immune
    system: This system includes the cells, tissues, and organs that work
    together to defend the body against infections and diseases.

All of these systems are interconnected and rely on each
other to maintain optimal health and wellness.


What is a system in a hospital?

A system in a hospital refers to a set of processes,
procedures and technologies that work together to ensure the efficient and effective
operation of the hospital. These systems are designed to support the delivery
of quality patient care while managing the various operational and
administrative tasks required for the smooth running of the hospital.

Some examples of systems in a hospital include:

  1. Electronic
    health records (EHR): EHR systems are used to manage patient medical
    records electronically. This allows healthcare providers to access patient
    information quickly and easily, while also ensuring the security and
    privacy of patient data.

  2. Hospital
    information system (HIS): HIS is a comprehensive, integrated information
    system designed to manage all aspects of a hospital's operations,
    including patient care, billing, inventory management, and employee

  3. Clinical
    decision support systems (CDSS): CDSS are software systems that provide
    healthcare professionals with clinical knowledge and patient-specific
    information to support clinical decision-making.

  4. Patient
    monitoring systems: Patient monitoring systems are used to continuously
    monitor patients' vital signs, such as blood pressure, heart rate, and
    oxygen saturation. These systems provide real-time information to
    healthcare providers, allowing them to detect and respond to changes in a
    patient's condition quickly.

  5. Pharmacy
    management system: This system is used to manage all aspects of the
    pharmacy's operations, including inventory management, dispensing of
    medications, and patient medication history.

These systems play a critical role in the day-to-day
functioning of a hospital, helping to ensure that patients receive high-quality
care, and that hospital operations are efficient and effective.


What is Pakistan health system?

Pakistan's healthcare system is a mix of public and private
sectors, with the public sector leading the way in healthcare. The system is
underfunded, understaffed and faces many challenges such as lack of qualified
health workers, lack of infrastructure and equipment, and limited funding.

The healthcare sector in Pakistan consists of three sectors:
primary, secondary and tertiary. Primary care is provided through specialized
health centers and local health centres, while secondary care is provided
through district hospitals and tehsil hospitals. The highest level of care is
provided through teaching hospitals and specialist health centers.

The Government of Pakistan has made efforts to improve the
country's health system, including increasing funding for health care,
investing in infrastructure and equipment, and implementing health policies and
programs. However, Pakistan's health system continues to face many challenges,
including underfunding, poor health infrastructure, a shortage of health
workers, and limited access to rural health services.

Besides the public sector, there is also a private
healthcare sector in Pakistan that provides various health services from
primary care to specialist school care. But the quality of care in the private
sector is different, and the cost of private healthcare can be prohibitive for
many people, especially those living in poverty.

Overall, the healthcare system in Pakistan faces many
challenges, and it is important to invest in improvements to ensure that
everyone in the country has access to high-quality healthcare services..

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